Traditionally the Internet Service Providers have used cable broadband to provide internet services to home and office. With the invention of Fiber Optic, although expensive, more and more ISPs are no offering Fiber Optic connections to the customers.
What is Fiber Broadband
Fiber Optic or Optical Fiber is the latest technology used in broadband services to transmit data as light pulses. The technology is faster than the traditional cable broadband services. Fiber Optic broadband is also more reliable than the conventional ADSL connections.
While Fiber broadband service providers offer Fiber lines to the customer’s local street or building and connect it to users home using copper phone lines, there are new Fiber broadband service providers like Jio Gigafiber, which offer Fiber to the Home (FTTH) services directly to your home and then connect to the WiFi router.
What is Cable Broadband
Cable broadband service uses the popular Data over Cable Service Interface Specification ( DOCSIS). Cable internet comes with a cable modem at the customer’s location that transcodes digital signals into electronic signals.
Cable broadband uses the coaxial cable to provide internet service to the customers. Some of the ISPs use Fiber Optic to till the premise and then use co-axial cable consist of copper wire to connect the user’s modem or router.
Difference Between Fiber and Cable Broadband
Fiber Optic is Faster: If you compare FTTH (Fiber to the Home) service to cable broadband, the FTTH can reach up to Gbps of speed while the cable broadband is generally maxed at 300 Mbps. Note that even Cat 6 cables can provide up to 1 Gbps of speed, but the ISPs user Fiber Optic cable to provide such speed due to the reliability.
Cable Broadband is Less Expensive – Cable broadband services are generally less expensive than FTTH and Fiber optic broadband. However, it depends on your internet service provider and the locality you live in. Some Internet providers like Airtel have different rates for different Indian states while national ISPs like BSNL provide pan India plans.
What is Better a Choice?
While cable broadband has served the users for over a few decades now, it is bound to be replaced by the more advanced Fiber optic broadband service in the near future.
Cable broadband still rule the rural area mainly because of the Fiber broadband companies are trying to capture the metropolitan markets, but in coming years when the need for faster internet will increase in rural areas, companies will be forced to introduce fiber optic broadband replacing it with cable broadband services.
And with the ever-increasing demand for online content, we are currently using more bandwidth than ever before, and it will only increase with the new generation as they will settle for nothing less than 4K video streaming online.
What about Wireless Internet?
While there is no question about the adoption of Fiber Optic by the major ISPs in the future, the question about the future of wired internet still remains.
For example, India became one of the hot markets for online content consumption when Jio launched its ever affordable 4G plans that shook the telecom market in the country.
With countries like Japan, China, and South Korea already exhibiting 5G technology with up to Gigabit speed, will the wire internet connection remain valid in the future?
We don’t know the answer yet because, in most of the world, cellular networks are still not capable of replacing broadband service or cater to the needs of a household with large bandwidth requirement. Also, the cellular internet data packs are expensive than regular broadband services.